Kashmir has been fought over by India, Pakistan, and to a lesser known extent, China, since the partition of 1947 that divided the subcontinent. Since then innumerable splinter groups, often backed by outside parties, have negotiated ceasefires, broken then, come to the peace table or stalked off. The majority of Kashmiris call for independence, but its clear that neither India nor Pakistan are ready to make any big concessions.
After a couple of years of seeming normalcy, trouble flared up again this summer. Young protestors have taken to the streets, often throwing stones at the large numbers of security forces deployed around the valley. The police and army have declared curfews that have all but shut down the region, crippling local businesses but having little effect in stopping the protests.
I met Amitabh Mattoo, a Hindu Kashmiri and Professor of International Relations at Delhi’s Jawarhalal University. He also happens to be involved in the current rounds of peace talks between Delhi and Kashmir. I wanted his insiders take on the underlying causes of the current violence that’s taking such a deadly toll in Kashmir.