B465187 is a compilation of 8 editions of Afroscene, under the title of Afroscene Highlights, made on 1980-03-03:
B465187.01 Afroscene Highlights 1978-12-20 : Kenyatta’s death
B465187.02 Afroscene Highlights 1980-02-04 : The group ‘Osibisa’
B465187.03 Afroscene Highlights 1980-03-21 : 20th Anniversary of Sharpeville Massacre
B465187.04 Afroscene Highlights 1980-03-28 : Sharpeville Commemoration in South Africa on 20th Anniversary
B465187.05 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-28 : President Daniel arap Moi of Kenya is knighted by Britain’s Duke of Gloucester
B465187.06 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-02 : Cuba’s ‘Isle of Youth’
B465187.07 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-02 : Status of captured South-African Freedom Fighters
B465187.08 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-11 : Dr. Roberto Masironi on dangers of smoking speaking at WHO Headquarters
1978 is almost drawing to an end and very soon people will start reviewing the events of the past year. Starting with one of the noticeable events that had an impact on Africa was the death of Jomo Kenyatta, the man who did so much to raise the consciousness of Kenyans, other Africans and indeed the black race. His death marked the end of an era, 15 years after he led his country to independance. A report by Tom Kasungu?, himself a Kenyan.
At the time of Kenya’s independance the mood was one of jubilation and a sense of relief that finally Kenyans were going to be the masters of their own destiny with a Kenyan leadership. Kenyans exptected redistribution of land, the focal point in the Mau Mau struggle. They thought that they would be able to control the economic sector and they expected more educational facilities for Africans to enable them to take over the jobs that required skills, now being occupied by foreigners and expats. Most of all Kenyans had the longing that finally Kenya would be a unified country, in which tribe was not a factor and to a less extend, race would not be a main issue.
Now after 15 years of independance he looks back and sees whether these aspirations have been achieved, reason why Stewart Summerlad in Nairobi interviews Hilary Ngweno, editor and publisher of two of Kenya’s leading publications, a weekly newsmagazine and the Sunday newsmagazine ‘The Nairobi Time’.
02′01″ Hilary Ngweno: His own feeling is that the land issues will not be resolved until the government can look at the whole issue of land in order to decide how to deal with the political aspirations of the people against economic needs of running a modern agricultural sector of the economy. Land was and will be an explosive issue in Kenya, because nowadays a lot of owners of the land are very powerful people, even ministers, and the proportion of land which is arable is very small. Kenya has a high rate of population increase, the highest in the world, so one can expect that there will be problems with land for the foreseeable future.
In economic terms it is difficult to judge whether the aspirations are met, because of the lack of studies concerning different sectors of economy. His feeling is that the rural community seems to be fairly satisfied with what is been happening, despite inflation and all kind of problems. However, the same cannot be said of the urban population, 5 to 10% of the people, because of the growing difference between the more wealthy and the poorer elements in the community. There is a tendency among the urban people to feel resentful that they are not masters of their own destiny and that they could do a lot more in order to take things in their hands. They do not need the foreign experts and executives.
Finally within Kenya there is a sense of community, which was not excisting 15 years ago, and the country has a very good relation with most of the neighbouring countries. These factors explain to a great extend the kind of peaceful transition in the country over the last 3 or 4 months, since the late president died.
lw ….. talking to Stewart Summerlad in Niarobi.
Aflevering van ‘Afroscene Highlights’ over de dood van Joma Kenyatta, de man, die zoveel heeft gedaan om het bewustzijn van de Kenianen en andere Afrikanen, eigenlijk van het gehele zwarte ras, te vergroten. Zijn dood markeerde het eind van een tijdperk, 15 jaar nadat hij zijn land naar onafhankelijkheid had geleid.
Een verslag van Tom Kasungu?, zelf een Keniaan.
An interview with the leader of the group Osibisa, Teddy Osei, by Anne Bolsover. Reason for this interview was the signing of a recording contract with Pie Records? at the premises of the Ghana High Commission and the launch of their new single ‘Pata Pata’, based on the Miriam Mekeba song with new lyrics, in London.
00′00″ Fragment out of song ‘Dance the body music’
They talk about the activities of the group in developing their music and the criticism of Africans that they make the African music to commercial. Obei’s concept is to extend the music accessible for a broader audience, which means that the music is not purely African.
04′58″ Introduction of the song by Teddy Osei and a message for his friends in Africa.
05′33″ Beginning of the song ‘Pata Pata’.
lw …. [fading music]
Aflevering van ‘Afroscene Highlights’, waarin Anne Bolsover de leider van de groep ‘Osibisa’, Teddy Osei, interviewt. De reden voor het interview was de ondertekeing van het contract met Pie Records? in Londen en het uitbrengen van hun nieuwe single ‘Pata Pata”, gebaseerd op een song van Miriam Mekeba.
Introduction: Ceciwa Khonje.
Today March 25th, 1960, is the 20th Anniversary of the Sharpeville Massacre, which took place in South Africa.
Report about the commemoration of the Sharpeville Massacre, on March 21, 1960, that started a world-wide growth of the Anti-Apartheid Movement. A seminar was held in Amsterdam last week to try and organize an international oil boycott against South-Africa. Ambassador B. Akporode Clarke of Nigeria, also chairman of the UN special committee against apartheid, in his opening speech, tells about the power of the oil companies and speaks in favor of an international oil boycott.
lw …. [music]
Introductie: Ceciwa Khonje.
Verslag over de herdenking van de ‘Sharpeville Massacre’ op 21 maart 1960. Deze gebeurtenis was de aanleiding tot de groei van de Anti-apartheidsbeweging wereldwijd. Op 25 maart 1960 vond er een seminar in Amsterdam plaats om te trachten een internationale olieboycot tegen Zuid-Afrika te organiseren. Ambassadeur van Nigeria, de heer Akporode Clark, ook voorzitter van een speciale commissie tegen apartheid van de Verenigde Naties, spreekt in zijn openingspeech over de macht van de oliemaatschappijen en pleit voor een internationale olieboycot.
Introduction: Ceciwa Khonje.
Afroscene reports on the Commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the Sharpeville Massacre, when black protesters against a law that restricted their movements in their homeland, were shot down by South African police. This year’s commemoration features renewed course for black political rights.
00′28″ Tony White reports from in Johannesburg. He has the details on the commemoration of this year.
03′25: lw ….. of political persuasion [muziek]
Introductie: Ceciwa Khonje.
Afroscene doet verslag van de herdenking van de ‘Sharpville Massacre’, die 20 jaar geleden plaatsvond. Aanleiding hiervoor was een protest van zwarte Zuid-Afrikanen tegen een wet, die hun bewegingen in het thuisland zou beperken. De politie schoot op de menigte en er vielen veel doden en nog meer gewonden. De herdenking van dit jaar wordt gekenmerkt door een vernieuwde koers met betrekking tot politieke rechten voor de zwarten. Vanuit Johannesburg meldt Tony White de details.
Introduction: Ceciwa Khonje.
On Tuesday April 22nd, 1980, Kenya’s President Mr. Daniel arap Moi was knighted by Britain’s Duke of Gloucester at the State House in Nairobi. After 18 months in office President Moi was invested as a Knight of Grace of the Honourable Order of Saint John of Jerusalem. When Jomo Kenyatta died, in August 1987, many Kenyans and international observers were sceptical whether Moi, then vice-President, could fill Kenyatta’s shoes. In fact the transition from Kenyatta to Moi has been remarkable smooth. Moi has steadily gained in authority and his public popularity is high. President Moi is joining a select brotherhood as a Knight of Saint John. It is an honour which was also bestowed on President Kenyatta.
A report of the ceremony by Gregoire Smith? in Nairobi.
01′28″ Address of the Duke of Cloucester during the investiture and the highlight of the ceremony, the Duke of Gloucester with his sword dubbed President’s Moi right shoulder 3 times.
The origins of the order can be traced back nearly 900 years, to 1099, when the order was founded to care the pilgrims visiting Jerusalem and the Holy Land. Today the order is best known for its association with Saint John’s Ambulance Brigade, the service active in Kenya for more than 50 years and is recently described by the Commissioner-in-Chief of the Brigade as the best ambulance service in Africa.
Closure of the ceremony.
lw …. in Nairobi.
Introductie: Ceciwa Khonje. President Moi van Kenia tot Ridder in de Souveine Orde van de Heilige Johannes van Jeruzalmen (Ridders van Malta) geslagen door de Hertog van Gloucester in het ‘State House’ in Nairobi, na een regeringsperiode van 18 maanden.
Toen Jomo Kenyatta in augustus 1987 stierf waren velen Kenianen en internationale waarnemer sceptisch of Moi, toen Vice-President, wel in staat zou zijn hem op te volgen. De overgang van Kenyatta naar Moi verliep eigenlijk opmerkelijk soepel. Moi won gestaag aan autoriteit en zijn publieke populariteit is groot.
President Moi is nu toegetreden tot deze exclusieve orde, een eer die al eerder was verleend aan President Kenyatta.
Een verslag van de ceremonie in Nairobi door Gregoire Smith?
Introduction: Stanley Nyahwa.
The reports starts with the song: ‘Viva el solialismo’, celebrating the attributes of the Cuban revolution and Fidel Castro, as one of the sons of Cuba, who made it possible. This song is being rehearsed by thousands of African teenagers on Cuba’s ‘Isle of Youth’.
This edition of Afroscsene reports about Cuba’s ‘Isle of Youth’, located some 160 km south of the capital Havana. The isle is really a gigantic bording school for some 9,000 pupils, especially taken there from Africa to undergo several years of political and general education. The project aims at creating a marxist elite of future leaders in those countries, which already have what you might call left wing governments, while some of the youth on this isle originated from those countries where guerilla organisation are fighting for power.
Last week Angolan President Eduardo dos Santos came to the isle, during his visit to Cuba. He was escorted by President Fidel Castro himself to inspect the school complex. Among the army of western journalist was Reuter correspondent Albert Clark, who sent a brief sketch of what happens on the ‘Isle of youth’.
02′21″ The students come from Angola, Cape Verde, the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Namibia, Sao Tome and Principe, the western Sahara and the only non-African country of Nicaragua. Part of the education is doing agricultural work as part of a system to teach them that they must toil to justify their place in society. The majority of the children from Namibia are said, by officials, to be orphans as a result of the fighting between South Africa and the Swapo (South West Africa People’s Organisation) guerillas. Many of the Ethiopian children are said to be orphans as well and informed sources say that there are also orphans on the island whose parents died fighting for the Polisario Front Guerilla Organisation in North West Africa. The connecting link with Nicaragua is that Cuba supports the Nicaraguan revolution, which overthrew right wing Anastasio Somoza last July. However, the ruling Sandinist Liberation Front has not taken a communist path. Compared with their African colleagues, the Nicaraguan students are generally older than the African children, their ages ranging from 15 to 19, and many of them having thoughts in the anti-Somoza insurrection.
Stanley Ngweno concludes that the Reuter correspondent made a one day tour, following in the footsteps of President dos Santos and his host Fidel Castro, journalists were unable to see the African and Nicaraguan pupils at their normal and daily study, work or play and they had no time to obtain details of the teaching methods used, but as usual Afroscene will keep you informed.
lw ….. as material will become available.
Deze aflevering van Afroscene Highlights is gewijd aan het Cubaanse ‘Eiland van de Jeugd’, dat 160 km ten zuiden van de hoofdstad Havana ligt en eigenlijk een gigantische kostschool is. De leerlingen uit Afrika en Nicaragua krijgen hier aan aantal jaar politiek en algemeen onderwijs. Het doel van het project is het creëren van een marxistische elite van toekomstige leiders in die landen, die u al een, wat genoemd kan worden, linkse regering hebben, terwijl een deel van de leerlingen uit landen komt waar guerilla-organisaties om de macht vechten.
Vorige week bezocht de Angolese President Eduardo dos Santos samen met President Fidel Castro het eiland. Reuter-correspondent Albert Clark geeft een korte impressie van wat er op het eiland gebeurt.
- B465187.07 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-02 : Status of captured S.African freedom fighters / 1980-03-03
Introduction by Stanley Nyahwa.
A report by Ceciwa Khonje about the status of captured South-African freedom fighters, a matter that is occupying the minds of many politicians, especially as a direct result of Mugabe’s rise to power in Zimbabwe. The problem arises out of the fact that South Africa regards such people as offenders under the supression of Terrorism Act and under this law offenders can receive the maximum death penalty.
On November 17th, 1979, the chairman of VN special committee against apartheid Ambassador Akporode Clark of Nigeria launched a world-wide appeal on the status of captured South African freedom fighters.
01′07″ A report by Ceciwa Khonje about what is happening recently in the Netherlands. The campaign to change the status of these fighters from criminals and traitors to that of prisoners of war has been taken one step forward in Holland. Dutch lawyers from wide ranging legal institutions, including university professors, have presented a memorandum calling on the Dutch governmen to act in order to secure the change in the status of the freedom fighters, and also to get the life of one such prisoner, James Mange, spared.
Two important developments formed the basis on which the Dutch lawyers will be able to act on this issue.:
1) In 1977 a new section was added to the Geneva Convention, which deals with prisoners of war and stipulates that freedom fighters struggling against racism and fighting for self-determination, should be treated as prisoners of war, when captured.
2) In December last year the United Nations adopted a resolution, which says that captured freedom fighters should be accorded the status of prisoner of war as stipulated by the Geneva Treaty.
With these 2 developments in the international community the Anti-apartheid Movement in Holland approached Dutch lawyers to prepare a memorandum to be handed over to the Dutch foreign Minister Chris van der Klaauw for action by the Dutch government.
At a press conference, following the presentation of the memorandum, the reporter asked one of the lawyers what action they expect the Dutch government to take in this issue as well as in the sparing of James Mange’s life.
He explains that they expect the Dutch government to state very clearly the goals formulated in the declaration. As they do not think that the South African government to act according to the law, they do expect that the Dutch government will take over some of their legal arguments and act accordingly.
lw ….. that is our point.
Een verslag van Ceciwa Khonje over de status van de gevangen genomen Zuid-Afrikaanse vrijheidsstrijders, een zaak die veel politici bezighoudt, in het bijzonder als directe gevolg van Mugabe’s groeiende macht in Zimbabwe.
Het probleem komt voort uit het feit dat Zuid-Afrika van mening is dat deze mensen de ‘Terrorism Act’ overtreden en volgens deze wet kunnen zij de doodstraf krijgen.
Op 17 november 1979 lanceert de voorzitter van de speciale commisie tegen apartheid van de Verenigde Naties Ambassadeur Clark wereldwijd een verzoek met betrekking tot de status van deze vrijheidsstrijders.
Collega Ceciwa Khonje doet verslag vanuit Nederland, waar Nederlandse juristen een memorandum hebben gepresenteerd, waarin een beroep wordt gedaan op de Nederlandwe regering de status van de vrijheidsstrijder te wijzigen in die van krijggevangene.
Op de persconferentie na het aanbieden van het memorandum aan de Nederlandse minister van Buitenlandse Zaken, Chris van der Klauw, wordt door één van hen geformuleerd wat zij van de Nederlandse regering verwachten.
- B465187.08 Afroscene Highlights 1980-04-11 : Dr. Roberto Masironi on dangers of smoking / 1980-03-03
Introduction: Ceciwa Khonje.
Presenter: Diana Gibson.
World Health Day 1980. Theme: Smoking or Health, The Choice Is Yours.
Unfortuately whilst great smoking is reducing in the industrialized countries, the habit is growing in the Third World.
00′56″ Diana Gibson of the WHO in Geneva interviews Dr. Roberto Masironi about the dangers involved in smoking and how one could give up smoking when they want to. What ways exist to stop smoking.
06′34″ lw …. without any external aid.
Wereldgezondheidsdag 1980. Thema: Roken of Gezondheid, de Keus is aan u.
Terwijl er momenteel minder gerookt wordt in de geïndustrialiseerde landen, groeit de gewoonte helaas in de Derde Wereld.
00′56″ Diana Gibson van de Wereldgezondheidsorganisatie interviewt Dr. Roberto Masironi over de gevaren verbonden aan het roken en de manieren waarop gestopt kan worden.